No military, foreign-imposed solution to Syrian crisis
President of the Islamic Republic of Iran described the process of Astana Summit and the role of Iran, Turkey and Russia in resolving the Syrian crisis as key and said: "Real attempt to put an end to the Syrian crisis and creating the required groundwork for reconstruction of this country and providing the groundwork for the return of the refugees to their living place must be emphasised by the three countries and the global community".
In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful
Your Excellency Mr Erdogan, President of the Republic of Turkey; Your Excellency Mr Putin, President of the Russian Federation
First of all, I would like to thank Mr Erdogan for hosting the second summit following the Astana process.
About 15 months ago, Iran, Russia and Turkey shaped the Astana process in order to have further success in the fight against terrorism, to combat religious and ethnic differentiation; to shut down the flames of conflict and finally to bring about a comprehensive peace in Syria, and have seriously pursued it since then. Determining the four de-escalation areas to reduce tensions in Syria could, after 6 years, be able to cushion the conflicts in various parts of the settlement of the major part of the Syrian population and strengthen the will of the opposing Syrian parties to stop the conflict.
Here, I deem it necessary to emphasise the key role of the three countries in ensuring the Astana process. If the three countries did not have the necessary coordination, and if the Syrian government did not have the right cooperation with the Astana process, we would now face a much more complex situation in Syria. So today, in order to complete this process, we must continue our efforts to establish peace and stability in Syria. Certainly, the valuable role of the Astana process has created a good atmosphere for the United Nations to play its role in this regard.
Although some governments have been sabotaging the Astana process since the beginning, international initiatives to resolve the Syrian crisis have, directly or indirectly, benefited from the Astana process, and even some of the provisions of the Security Council had already been coordinated by the three guarantors in the Astana process.
Although ISIL, al-Nusra and other terrorist groups have been seriously undermined and are on the brink of destruction, but unfortunately, some have continued to arm and use them, and have enabled terrorists to make their brutal acts against the Syrian people, including the residents of Damascus. The ongoing threat against the Syrian government for being subjected to foreign military action, the unceasing pressure to stop the crackdown on terrorist groups and the lack of attention to the balanced implementation of all paragraphs of Resolution 2401 has led to the ineffectiveness of this resolution and increased pressure on the Syrian people.
Without a doubt, part of the pressure on the Syrian people is the result of the performance greedy western governments, especially the United States, in a way that one can unfortunately say that the lives, property, honor and the entire existence of the Syrian people are, in their view, something that is worthy only when their interests are in danger.
The US government should answer the question of what it is doing in Syria, thousands of miles away from its territory. At whose invitation are American soldiers are present in Syria? US Illegal presence and military intervention in Syria is aimed at increasing tension and ultimately fragmentation of the country. Syrians, who were successful in the war against the terrorists, do not by any means allow foreign powers to break up their country and will resolutely fight this.
On the other hand, the Zionist Regimes daily support for terrorists in Syria and the violation of its sovereignty and territorial integrity have increased the complexity of the crisis. The international community should not be indifferent to these crimes and other crimes of the Zionist Regime, including against the Palestinian people who were recently slaughtered during peaceful demonstrations.
Since our previous meeting in Sochi, there have been important political and field developments in Syria. The most significant development in the political field is the holding of the first session of the Congress of the Syrian National Dialogue with the participation of representatives of various political and social groups on January 30, 2018 in Sochi and the final statement approved by the Congress, which, if the process of following up and implementation of the decisions are properly managed, in particular with regard to the formation of the committee for reviewing issues related to the reform of the constitution of Syria, can be taken as an effective step towards restoring peace and stability to Syria. In order to achieve this goal, it is necessary to ensure the implementation of the decisions made in the Congress and the formation of the committee in an atmosphere of understanding and cooperation by avoiding rush and imposing of the will of the foreign forces on the Syrian side.
The clashes in Eastern Ghouta and Afrin in northern Syria are among the most important developments in the field between the two summits of the Astana process. The first development with the new agreements has led to the withdrawal of armed groups from major parts of the region and can be a step towards restoring stability and stability to Syria with the help to maintain security in the capital and its residents. Developments in Afrin undermined the plans of some powers to exploit ethnic and racial differences in the path of fragmentation of Syria and other countries in the region, but it can help achieve our common goals in the Astana process only if it does not lead to violation of the territorial integrity and national sovereignty of Syria, and the control of these areas is at the Syrian armys hand, which, despite current confrontations, remains the symbol of national sovereignty of this country.
For further success of the joint efforts of the three countries, I would like to emphasise more coordination between the three countries on the basis of the following common principles:
The Syrian crisis does not have a military solution or one that is imposed from outside, and the future of Syria will only be achieved through democratic elections by the Syrian people. From the outset of the crisis, the Islamic Republic of Iran has emphasised the unacceptability of a military solution to the Syrian crisis and proposed a four-point plan accordingly. The Syrian National Dialogue Congress has provided a good basis for the start of the peaceful settlement of the Syrian crisis. The Syrian-Syrian dialogue should continue until a consensual solution, including the necessary amendments to the constitution and the holding of free and fair elections. The involvement of foreigners in determining the type and form of the Syrian government only continues the crisis.
The humanitarian situation throughout Syria is terrible, and the international community is committed to providing humanitarian assistance to all parts of Syria. In this regard, without violating Syrian national sovereignty, it must be ensured that the aid is delivered promptly and securely to all points where it is needed. The innocent Syrian citizens, whether they are in Ghouta or Afrin or Foua or Kefraya, must be supported by the global community. At the same time, real efforts to end the Syrian crisis and create the necessary grounds for reconstruction of the country and to provide the grounds for the return the refugees to their place of residence should be addressed by us and the international community. The Islamic Republic of Iran is ready to play an effective role in the reconstruction of Syria.
The sovereignty, territorial integrity, and unity and independence of Syria must be respected in all circumstances. The presence of foreign forces in Syria is illegal without the consent of the government and should be stopped and terminated. The greed of foreign powers for the land of Syria and the attempts to dismember that country is not acceptable under any circumstances and will endanger peace and stability in Syria.
It is essential to continue the fight against terrorism in Syria until all terrorist groups are eradicated. The countries that are still hoping for the victory of the terrorists in Syria must come to their senses, and do not put themselves against the Syrian people by stopping helping terrorist groups.
In the end, I would like to thank the Turkish President for hosting the summit today and the Kazakh government for hosting the Astana summit process. I hope that with the help of the Almighty, the continued efforts of Iran, Russia and Turkey lead to the end of the war and bloodshed in Syria as soon as possible.
Peace, mercy and blessings of Allah be upon you